Maximizing EV Range in Cold Weather

With winter upon us, Ford has provided some tips for maximizing electric vehicle range in cold temperatures.

According to Ford, all-electric vehicles experience energy decreases in cold temperatures due to battery cell chemistry. Temperatures below 40°F cause the electrolyte fluid to become sluggish, limiting how much power is available to discharge and how quickly the vehicle’s battery can charge.

Below are some tips you can pass along to your customers to make sure they maximize their electric vehicle’s range during the winter months:

  1. Park in a garage whenever possible.
  2. Keep the vehicle plugged in when parked.
  3. If planning a longer commute, precondition your vehicle using departure times to warm the battery while plugged-in
  4. If equipped, use the heated seats and steering wheel as primary heat to reduce energy consumed by HVAC.
  5. When charging, turn off the heater if possible, or lower the temperature enough to remain comfortable. (Especially when using DCFC)
  6. If your vehicle is covered with snow, brush all the snow off before driving to eliminate extra weight and drag.
  7. Keep driving speeds moderate in cold temperature as high speeds use more energy.
  8. Ensure your tires are at the proper pressure.

A.J. Hecht

A.J. Hecht is the managing editor of THE SHOP and host of the In Gear with THE SHOP podcast. Have an idea, a tip, or a question you’d like to see answered? Contact A.J. at

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